By Jamie Hubbard
Even with the typical view of Buddhism as non-dogmatic and tolerant, the old list preserves many examples of Buddhist thinkers and hobbies that have been banned as heretical or subversive. The San-chieh (Three degrees) was once a favored and influential chinese language Buddhist flow throughout the Sui and Tang classes, counting robust statesmen, imperial princes, or even an empress, Empress Wu, between its consumers. In spite, or maybe accurately simply because, of its proximity to energy, the San-chieh flow ran afoul of the specialists and its teachings and texts have been formally proscribed various occasions over a several-hundred-year heritage. as a result of those suppressions San-chieh texts have been misplaced and little information regarding its teachings or background is accessible. the current paintings, the 1st English research of the San-chieh move, makes use of manuscripts chanced on at Tun-huang to ascertain the doctrine and institutional practices of this circulate within the higher context of Mahayana doctrine and perform. by way of viewing San-Chieh within the context of Mahayana Buddhism, Hubbard finds it to be faraway from heretical and thereby increases very important questions about orthodoxy and canon in Buddhism. He indicates that some of the hallmark principles and practices of chinese language Buddhism locate an early and detailed expression within the San-chieh texts.
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Despite the typical view of Buddhism as non-dogmatic and tolerant, the ancient checklist preserves many examples of Buddhist thinkers and activities that have been banned as heretical or subversive. The San-chieh (Three degrees) was once a favored and influential chinese language Buddhist move in the course of the Sui and Tang sessions, counting strong statesmen, imperial princes, or even an empress, Empress Wu, between its consumers.
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Additional info for Absolute Delusion, Perfect Buddhahood: The Rise and Fall of a Chinese Heresy (Nanazan Library
In addition to universal reverence and charitable work, Te-mei is also known to have practiced the various austerities and liturgies discussed above, including the fang teng rite, yearly observance of the Pratyutpanna walking meditation (he is reported to have “walked without sitting for the entire summer”), penitential rites comprised of buddhan„ma liturgies, maintaining silence for three years, and being sparing in his food (eating only one part in four). Te-mei thus well exempli³es the values and practices that Hsin-hsing sought to instill in his followers.
67 Practice in Accord with the Capacity, 145. 68 Practice in Accord with the Capacity, 152. The P’u fa ssu fo is the subject of chapter 5 and is translated in Appendix A, below; see also Nishimoto, Sangaikyõ, 205–16 and 609–22. Another text that details San-chieh contemplative exercises is Pelliot 2268, to which Nishimoto has given the title The Abridged Teaching on the Contemplation of the Three Levels (San chieh kuan fa lüeh shih X‰ÖÀFt); see Sangaikyõ, 216–19 and 623–49. 475a. Hui-ssu, Tao-ch’o, and Chih-i are only a few of the prominent teachers associated with the Fang teng rite; see Stevenson, “The T’ien-t’ai Four Forms of Sam„dhi,” 82–94, 175–88; see also 538–96 for a translation of Chih-i’s Fang teng san mei hsing fa ¾fX*‘À.
Chinese Buddhist Apocrypha (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1990), 210, 212. 2 38 / decline as polemic of that truth as the teachings of a historical person, and within the latter, that is, within Buddh-ism, the teaching in the world, there were de³nite disagreements over whose teaching was the true teaching. Thus we should note from the very beginning that it was never the teaching conceived as the causal uniformity of all things (dhammat„) that was believed to decline or disappear. 3 Ching-ying Hui-yüan (523–592), for example, lamenting the lot of the Buddhist church at the hands of Emperor Wu, is reported to have said, This is the fate of our time … it is truly lamentable that we are unable to attend [the Buddha-dharma] at this time, but the dharma is actually not annihilated [ÀÄ#n]!
Absolute Delusion, Perfect Buddhahood: The Rise and Fall of a Chinese Heresy (Nanazan Library by Jamie Hubbard