Download e-book for iPad: An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology (Routledge by Ian McNeil

By Ian McNeil

ISBN-10: 0415147921

ISBN-13: 9780415147927

To be had for the 1st time in paperback, this quantity contains twenty-two chapters by way of foreign specialists masking the total background of know-how from humankind's earliest use of stone instruments to the exploration of house. Written essentially and with no pointless jargon, each one bankruptcy strains the improvement of its topic from earliest occasions to the current day, stressing the social context and its position in medical thought.
* Usefully drawn with over one hundred fifty tables, drawings and photographs
* entire indexes of names and subjects
* crucial interpreting for academics and scholars within the historical past and Philosophy of technological know-how and expertise, business historical past and Archaeology.

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It is interesting to note that the impulse to create and the ability to produce images of animals (including men and women) seems to date from late Palaeolithic times at least, that is before about 12,000 BC. Relief carving on cave walls, modelling in clay and powdered bone paste, and cave wall painting were all included in the artistic activities of the Gravettian and Magdelenian cultures that were established in the Dordogne region of France. Black oxide of manganese and the ochres or red and yellow oxides of iron, generally ground to a powder and mixed with some fatty medium, were the colours generally used and probably represent man’s first excursions into the world of chemistry as well as that of art.

Relief carving on cave walls, modelling in clay and powdered bone paste, and cave wall painting were all included in the artistic activities of the Gravettian and Magdelenian cultures that were established in the Dordogne region of France. Black oxide of manganese and the ochres or red and yellow oxides of iron, generally ground to a powder and mixed with some fatty medium, were the colours generally used and probably represent man’s first excursions into the world of chemistry as well as that of art.

Galileo, by 1614, is reported to have seen ‘flies which looked as big as lambs’ through a telescope with a lengthened tube, but Zacharias Jansen, one of the spectacle makers of Middleburg, a rival contender with Lippershey for the telescope, is a possible candidate. Early users were certainly Robert Hooke who used his own compound instrument to produce results published in his Micrographia in 1665 and Anton van Leeuwenhoek of Delft who was reporting his observations with a simple microscope to the Royal Society by 1678.

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An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology (Routledge Companion Encyclopedias) by Ian McNeil


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