Download PDF by Dan O'Brien: An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

By Dan O'Brien

ISBN-10: 074563317X

ISBN-13: 9780745633176

An creation to the idea of data publications the reader in the course of the key matters and debates in modern epistemology. Lucid, entire and available, it's an excellent textbook for college kids who're new to the topic and for collage undergraduates. The ebook is split into 5 components. half I discusses the idea that of data and distinguishes among varieties of wisdom. half II surveys the assets of data, contemplating either a priori and a posteriori wisdom. components III and IV offer an in-depth dialogue of justification and scepticism. the ultimate a part of the e-book examines our alleged wisdom of the previous, different minds, morality and God. O'Brien makes use of enticing examples in the course of the e-book, taking many from literature and the cinema. He explains complicated concerns, resembling these in regards to the inner most language argument, non-conceptual content material, and the hot riddle of induction, in a transparent and obtainable manner. This textbook is a useful advisor to modern epistemology.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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Are they? 2. ’ 3. Can necessary and sufficient conditions be given for the possession of knowledge? 4. What is the relevance of Gettier cases to the analysis of knowledge? 5. And how do your answers relate to the tripartite definition of knowledge? 33–45); and in the film The Kiss of the Spider Woman (1985) where two prisoners discuss what it is to be a ‘real man’. Williamson’s Knowledge and its Limits (2000) warrants close study (although it is rather difficult), and a good introduction to cognitive externalism can be found in McCulloch’s The Mind and its World (1995).

4. Can a priori reasoning alone provide us with any substantive knowledge of the world? 5. Explain how the following analogy is relevant to the issue of innate knowledge. 52) What kind of marble best represents human thinkers? After spending all of his life locked up in a cellar, Kaspar is released into society as a young man hardly able to walk or speak; the film explores whether his knowledge and various abilities are innate or learnt. Second, we shall turn to the key epistemological topic of justification and to the relationship between perceptual experience, perceptual belief and perceptual knowledge.

Perceptual beliefs could also be considered innate in this sense because we have an innate capacity to acquire them: we are born with sensory apparatus and are genetically disposed to develop certain perceptual and belief-forming mechanisms. Empiricism, then, does not rule out innate knowledge in this sense; it could be an empirical fact that it is something we possess. He notes that children learn their native language in a relatively short amount of time given the complexity of what they have to learn and the limited teaching they receive.

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