By Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen
August Krogh, the son of a brewer, studied zoology in Copenhagen and earned his doctoral measure below the physiologist Christian Bohr, the daddy of the world-renowned nuclear physicist Niels Bohr. Krogh's strange skill to build tools and complicated apparatuses and his intuitive realizing of actual ideas made it attainable for him to enhance on Bohr's equipment. His findings led him to problem Christian Bohr's rules approximately oxygen secretion, and while Bohr refused to simply accept his findings, Krogh unwillingly got here right into a painful clash along with his personal mentor. Krogh's persevered experiences of the way oxygen is equipped to the tissues resulted in his cognizance that the blood movement within the most interesting blood vessels, the capillaries, needs to be regulated via a mechanism that opens and closes the capillaries in accordance with the tissue's want for oxygen. this concept and his clinical evidence have been on the time so new and progressive that he used to be in a timely fashion (in 1920) provided the Nobel Prize. His reputation in Denmark and worldwide persisted to develop till his dying in 1949. His clinical discoveries prolonged from breathing, workout body structure and capillary body structure into comparative osmoregulation, isotope stories, energetic shipping of ions in vegetation and animals, and at last insect flight.
one other dramatic tale of Krogh's existence all started while he brought insulin creation in Denmark in 1922. This flow stored his personal wife's existence in addition to various different lives and helped make Denmark's Novo-Nordisk the most important manufacturer of insulin on the earth this present day. Krogh's spouse, Marie, grew to become a doctor and a well known scientist in her personal correct. all through their harmonious marriage and partnership, Marie performed a tremendous function in her husband's existence either scientifically and personally.
Written by way of the proud daughter of August and Marie Krogh, this biography is predicated on various letters, clinical papers, interviews, symposia, and different resources in addition to the author's personal wisdom of her mom and dad. The intertwining of the clinical paintings and private lives of those extraordinary humans is fantastically illustrated in a well-rounded photo in their struggles and triumphs. it's a specific publication, jam-packed with human heat and medical figuring out.
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Additional resources for August and Marie Krogh: Lives in Science
Not daring to confront his father directly, August wrote him a letter and left it on his desk. Dear Father, sjnce 1 know that 1 express myself far better in writing than oraliy, and, furthermore, since by weighing the arguments and writing them down, 1 can include ali considerations and points of view, 1 have decided to present to you the, to me, ali-important question concerning my career direction. It is my hope to be able to remove at least some of your objections concerning zoology. It must be the purpose of my education to be able to support myself and also become as useful and happy a member of the society as possible.
Whatever 1 study and whatever 1 become 1 will cultivate natural history as long as there is any possibility for it, simply because 1 have to. You must believe my word if you can because such cannot be proven. 8 Viggo gave in and August, grateful and much relieved, returned to Copenhagen in September 1894 to finish his studies for the medical preparatory exam. From there he wrote to his mother, "Most of all 1 am happy and grateful that Father has given me permission to follow my inclination, yes 1 dare say, my call, and 1 ask Father tobe assured that 1 shall not forget his well-founded warnings that accompanied the permission, but endeavor to avoid the dangers they pointed out.
My birthday went as follows: In the morning as usual I rushed out into the city to do my work. m. When I carne home I had a delicious piece of goose, sat down to read, waiting for something to happen and it did. At nine o'clock Raphael, Valdemar Sffrensen, and Herluf Christensen ali carne and we spent a most enjoyable evening in high spirit while we drank the bottle of port wine that Johan so generously had given me. . Having no wine glasses, and to make the whole thing properly scientific, we used four of my test tubes as drinking vessels.
August and Marie Krogh: Lives in Science by Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen